Capital and largest city
Russian is the only official language.
27 different languages are considered official languages in various regions of Russia, along with Russian.
Government Federal semi -presidential constitutional republic
President – Vladimir Putin
Prime Minister – Dmitry Medvedev
Chairman of the Federation Council -ValentinaMatviyenko
Chairman of the State Duma – Vyacheslav Volodin
Currency – Russian ruble
2017 estimate 143,964,709
– Density 8.4/km2 (217th)
AreaTotal– 17,098,242 ,6,592,800 (sq mi
Water (%)- 13
Religion – Christianity
9 time Zones in Russia
Visa support letter
World without Border(WWB) for FIT
The world’s largest country offers it all, from historic cities and idyllic countryside to artistic riches, epic train rides and vodka-fuelled nightlife.
Russia’s vast geographical distances and cultural differences mean you don’t tick off its highlights in the way you might those of a smaller nation. Instead, view Russia as a collection of distinct territories, each one deserving separate attention.
Whether you’re a culture vulture in search of inspiration from great artists and writers or an adventure addict looking for new horizons to conquer, Russia amply delivers. Tread in the footsteps of literary greats, including Tolstoy and Pushkin, on their country estates. Ski or climb lofty mountains in the Caucasus, go trekking or white-water rafting in the Altai Republic, hike around Lake Baikal, or scale an active volcano in Kamchatka – the variety of possibilities will make your head spin.
Here, Moscow and St Petersburg are the must-see destinations, twin repositories of eye-boggling national treasures, political energies and contemporary creativity. Within easy reach of these cities are charming historical towns and villages, such as Veliky Novgorod, Pskov and Suzdal, where the vistas dotted with onion domes and lined with gingerbread cottages measure up to the rural Russia of popular imagination.
Russia is the largest country in the world. Its area is 17 098.242 thousand square km. The state is located in eastern Europe and northern Asia. From north to south the country stretches for over 4,000 km; from west to east – for almost 10,000 km. Russia borders on 16 countries. In the south-east – with North Korea (DPRK), in the south with China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Georgia; in the south-west – with Ukraine, in the west with Belarus, Latvia, Estonia, Finland and Norway; the Kaliningrad Region borders on Lithuania and Poland.
Certainly summer is a draw card for many travellers. Devoid of snow-covered landscapes, Russia positively blooms in spring and summer. The snow melts to reveal beautifully coloured flowers and manicured lawns at many of Russia’s most famous palaces, parks and gardens and previously spindly birch trees heave with green foliage. Russia is pleasantly warm in summer.
December, January and February are winter months. The weather is cold. Usually it snows. The days are short and the nights are long. You can see snow everywhere. The rivers and lakes freeze and one can go skating and skiing.
March, April, May are spring months. The weather is fine warm. There are many green trees in the streets, in the parks and the yards. Sometimes it rains, but as usual the sun shines brightly.
June, July and August are summer months. It is hot or warm. The days are long and the nights are short. There are many green trees and nice flowers in the parks and in the squares in summer.
September, October, November are autumn months. It is cool. The weather is changeable. It often rains. The days become shorter and the nights become longer. One can see yellow, red, brown leaves everywhere.
You will get a very varied terrain in Russia. There are the coniferous forest of the taiga and wooded areas, the cold bleak tundra’s in Northern Siberia, the broad plains and low hills west of the Urals, and the uplands and mountains which lie along the Southern border regions. The lowest point is the Caspian Sea which lies at an elevation of -28 meters and the highest is Mount Elbrus (also the highest mountain in Europe) which towers up to 5 633 meters.
Russia has an incredible wealth of natural resources ? many of which it is well known for. Oil, natural gas, coal, minerals and timber are hugely exported. However, because of the vastness of the landscape, much of the lands natural resources are yet to be discovered. Russia is also very famous for its Diamonds.
Russia has a population of roughly 143 420 309 (July 2005) people. Of these, 79.8% are Russian, 3.8% are Tatar, 2% are Ukrainian, 1.2% are Bashkir, 1.1% are Chuvash. A further 12.1% do not fit into any of these ethnic groups (2002 census). These people are known for their unique culture and traditions. Their hospitality and welcoming nature for other people is very famous among the tourists visiting Russia.
The main language in the country is Russian but there are a lot of other minority languages which are spoken in different regions. The vast majority (males: 99.7%, females: 99.5% (2003) of Russian citizens are literate.
The official Russian currency is the Russian ruble. The currency code for the ruble is RUR. The ruble has a comparatively low value against other currencies.
Facilities for Telephones, cellular phones, radio and television stations have been firmly established in the country for some time now. The internet is also readily available and is used by a large portion of the countries inhabitants.
Most cities have good public transport systems combining bus, trolleybus and tram; the biggest cities also have metro systems. Public transport is very cheap and easy to use, but you’ll need to be able to decipher some Cyrillic. Taxis are plentiful.
In St Petersburg, Moscow and several other cities located on rivers, coasts, lakes or reservoirs, public ferries and water excursions give a different perspective.
Bus, Marshrutky, Trolleybus & Tram
Services are frequent in city centres but more erratic as you move out toward the edges. They can get jam-packed in the late afternoon or on poorly served routes.
Within most cities, marshrutky double up on official bus routes but are more frequent. They will also stop between official bus stops, which can save quite a walk.
The metro systems of Moscow and St Petersburg are excellent. There are smaller ones in Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Samara and Yekaterinburg.
Normal yellow taxis, which could be hailed in the street and used meters, disappeared after the fall of Communism. To hail a taxi, stand at the side of the road, extend your arm and wait until something stops. When someone stops for you, state your destination and be prepared to negotiate the fare.